The 7 steps Process of Sea (Ocean) Freight Forwarding | Whale Logistics Blog

The 7 steps Process of Sea (Ocean) Freight Forwarding | Whale Logistics Blog


Part of the Freight Forwarding Basics series, in this blog post, we are covering the 7 steps of international freight forwarding (shipping).

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  • Shipper: a person/company dealing with shipment at supplier end.
  • Consignee: a person/company dealing with shipment at receiving end.
  • Freight Forwarder: the logistics provider (for road, ship or air transportation).
  • Shipping Line: company carrying product related cargo.

Step 1. Export haulage:

The first step involves the movement of the products’ cargo from shipper’s to forwarder’s premises. Products usually get transported by road or railways or a combination of both.

Step 2. Export customs clearance:

It is a type of official regulatory formality involving submission of valid and required documents to the concerned authorities.

Step 3. Origin handling:

This step covers all physical handling, inspection, and loading of the cargo; at the supplier End’s warehouse. This is coordinated by the freight forwarder.

Step 4. Ocean freight: 

To meet the required timeline for shipments, freight forwarder schedules shipping line for transportation. This step not only covers costs involved in shipping from port-to-port but also the levied surcharges like currency adjustment factor, exchange rates, etc.

Step 5. Import customs clearance:

This process can begin even before the arrival of cargo at the US. This clearance is performed by customs house broker appointed by the consignee.

Step 6. Destination handling:

This involves transportation and unloading of cargo from port to destination warehouse.

Step 7. Import haulage:

The final step of actual delivery of the product to the consignee and ultimately to the consumer. 

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Whale Logistics are Australia’s leading Freight Forwarder and Logistics company located in Sydney and Melbourne. We deliver digital services such as Australian customs parcel tracking, parcel delivery box, and comprehensive ocean, air and road freight solutions. For cost competitive and innovative ocean freight solutions, please contact a Whale Logistics Ocean Freight Specialist today for a quote.